What are the Important Facts About Indica and Sativa Marijuana?

Medical marijuana dispensaries comprise a wide range of marijuana product options to choose from, making it tricky for new customers to select the ideal products for them.

In such a scenario, it’s essential to at least have basic marijuana knowledge, including information about the 2 main types of marijuana strains: Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Indica.

Let’s get to know about these 2 marijuana strains in detail, including indica & sativa facts and their key differences.

1. Physical Appearance

The fundamental difference between the indica & sativa cannabis strains is in their physical appearance.

Cannabis sativa plants are generally tall, large & skinny, with typical growth around 5-18 feet. They comprise thin & pointed leaves with a limited number of branches.

On the other hand, cannabis indica plants are comparatively small & stocky and grow up to just 2-4 feet. In addition, they feature broader leaves that are branched in a compact manner, providing them with a bushy look.

2. Composition

You may be aware that THC & CBD are the two main compounds in marijuana that generate the well-known effects of cannabis. Also known as cannabinoids, these marijuana compounds have different effects on the brain.

Both cannabis sativa and cannabis indica plants comprise THC & CBD although in varying quantities. Cannabis sativa plants generally contain a higher THC content than CBD, whereas cannabis indica plants typically generate more CBD than THC.

However, it’s important to note that this is just a generalization as the THC & CBD amounts within a marijuana plant species are not standard.

3. How They Work In The Body

Both THC and CBD exhibit varied effects in the human body. THC is generally known for generating the ‘high’ associated with marijuana. Other related effects include pain management, euphoria, drowsiness, and impaired movement & perception.

On the contrary, CBD is typically known to help prevent seizures, reduce inflammation & pain and decrease symptoms of mental health issues like anxiety disorders.

Research studies have brought to light that CBD appears to lower the intoxicating effects of THC and facilitates positive effects such as reduced nausea.

Another vital point to note is that besides THC and CBD, marijuana plants comprise other minor compounds like terpenes & cannabigerol that may play a part in the ensuing effects after consumption.

4. How They Make You Feel

Generally speaking, cannabis sativa is known to produce a lively & rousing feeling or ‘high.’ Contrastingly, cannabis indica is characterized by a relaxing feeling.

However, more research is required to validate these broad assertions.

5. Popular Strains

The most popular cannabis sativa strains are Acapulco Gold, Panama Red & Durban Poison, whereas Hindu Kush, Afghan Kush & Granddaddy Purple are the popular cannabis indica strains.

6. Side Effects

Since cannabis indica comprises CBD in more amounts than THC, it may cause the following side effects that are associated with CBD-predominant products:

  • Dry mouth
  • Fatigue
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Anxiety
  • Alterations in appetite

Moreover, cannabis sativa products being THC-predominant can cause a few more side effects in addition to the above. This includes:

  • Changed senses
  • Mood alterations
  • Hallucinations
  • Impaired body movement

Additionally, it’s important to be aware that the method of consumption of cannabis products can also raise the risk of side effects.

For instance, smoking/vaping cannabis can irritate the lungs & airways, culminating in respiratory issues.


Regardless of the type of marijuana strain in a product, it’s critical to religiously follow the advice of a certified healthcare professional when it comes to the consumption of marijuana products.

If you are interested in purchasing medical marijuana, apply for a medical marijuana card and buy 100% legal medical cannabis from our dispensaries in Missouri. Call us at +1 (816) 775-2920 today.


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