CBD oil is basically an oil derived from the cannabis plant. It’s an extract of Cannabis indica or Cannabis sativa – the same plants which on drying are used for making marijuana.
Some people believe that CBD oil helps treat pain, decrease anxiety, and stimulate appetite, similar to how marijuana does, minus its psychoactive effects. Let’s get to know in detail about its uses, potential health benefits, and risks.
CBD Oil and its Uses
For starters, CBD is one of the many cannabinoids (compounds) present in the cannabis plant. Researchers worldwide have been working on finding the potential therapeutic uses of CBD.
Generally speaking, CBD oil consists of CBD mixed with an inert carrier oil, like coconut oil or hemp seed oil. The bottled oil, known as a tincture, is sold in many different concentrations, with CBD capsules, gummies, and under-the-tongue sprays also available for purchase.
Health Benefits of CBD Oil
Some of the major health benefits of CBD Oil comprise decreasing inflammation & pain and helping treat specific kinds of seizures.
As per a 2018 study, there are various different reasons for taking CBD oil which include:
- Chronic pain
- Arthritis or joint pain
- Anxiety and depression
- Sleep disorder
- Cluster and other headaches
- Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
- Allergies or asthma
- Epilepsy and other seizure disorders
- Multiple sclerosis (MS)
- Lung conditions
- Parkinson’s disease
- Alzheimer’s disease
Despite all these potential benefits, CBD Oil is not legal in all US states, and there are some potential risks that one should be aware of before using it.
However, before we delve into those potential risks and side effects, let’s get to know the difference between CBD & THC – two of the compounds present in marijuana.
The Difference Between CBD and THC
While CBD is the short form for cannabidiol, THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol. Both these compounds are present in marijuana and have different effects.
THC is the most active constituent of marijuana and is responsible for the ‘high’ that a person experiences when smoking it or using it for cooking purposes. It has a psychological effect on the person using it.
On the other hand, CBD is not psychoactive. Therefore, it does not have any psychological effect while having potential medical benefits.
Also, CBD oil usually does not comprise THC, albeit some trace amounts could be found in products sold in specific states.
Risks and Side Effects of CBD Oil
As is the case with the majority of therapies, CBD oil usage may also have some risks and side effects. Hence, it’s strongly recommended that anyone using it as a prescription drug or otherwise should consult a doctor beforehand.
Clinical research indicates that CBD Oil can trigger certain side effects, with their severity & type differing from person to person.
Common symptoms include:
- Changes in appetite
- Changes in mood
- Dry mouth
Potential side effects comprise:
- Liver damage
- Interactions with other drugs & alcohol
- Changes in alertness, which can make driving dangerous
- Gastrointestinal problems and loss of appetite
- Mood changes, including irritability and irritation
- Reduction in fertility for males
CBD oil usage during pregnancy
The FDA has advised people to avoid using CBD during pregnancy or breastfeeding. Medical experts state that using marijuana during pregnancy may have a negative effect on the fetal development of neurons.
Hence, it’s recommended not to use CBD oil during pregnancy.